Here’s some quotes of Animal Farm by George Orwell. I’ve included some analysis for each. They are my thoughts of the quotes and are intended to help.
“Man is the only creature that consumes without producing. He does not give milk, he does not lay eggs, he is too weak to pull the plough, he cannot run fast enough to catch rabbits. Yet he is lord of all the animals. He sets them to work, he gives back to them the bare minimum that will prevent them from starving, and the rest he keeps for himself.” Chapter 1, pg. 7
This is the basis for animal farm. The humans are thought of as oppressors who take away the animal’s hard work and do little to thank the animals for their efforts. The animals think that if the humans are driven away, then all would be good
“All men are enemies. All animals are comrades.” Chapter 1, pg. 9
This saying was fixed into all of the animals when the human inhabitants of Manor Farm were driven away. From that moment on, Manor Farm was known as Animal Farm an all the animals were working together for the benefit of all.
“Squealer could turn black into white” Chapter 2, pg 11
Squealer the pig was so charismatic that he literally turns bad into good. He is not too bright however, so he is the pigs’ propaganda spreader. He turns anything evil into something seemingly morally good, but this turns good animals into corrupt ones.
“THE SEVEN COMMANDMENTS” Chapter 2, pg. 21
The pigs set up these commandments to guide the “animalism” way of life. Even though they had established that everything human related was bad, they still made a set of rules like the Ten Commandments, contradictory to their cause.
“Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy.”
At first, the birds were thought to be enemies, but then a decree
stated that wings counted as legs, so birds were actually friends.
“Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend.”
This established that all animals were friends, but bugs were too low,
So they were neglected and humans were branded enemies of Animal Farm.
“No animal shall wear clothes.”
This was to keep the animals pure and to be separate from the humans. Any animal found with clothing would be punished, but pigs later revised this so that they could wear clothes.
“No animal shall sleep in a bed.”
The pigs made themselves the exception to this commandment as well because they claimed sleeping on a bed would help their minds rest and stay sharp so all planning against the humans and for the farm could be good.
”No animal shall drink alcohol.”
The pigs found some alcohol one night and all got drunk. They later added “to excess” to the end of the commandment to rule themselves out again. The other animals were forbidden to drink because it was said to prevent working efficiently.
”No animal shall kill any other animal.”
This was set up to keep all the animals safe from each other, but was later altered to suit the actions of the pigs. The pigs killed many animals later to maintain maximum efficiency and used terror to get more power.
”All animals are equal.”
This was meant to please the animals, but was not so. The pigs did nothing except order the animals around and wallow in the wealth they accumulated. The animals were treated horribly and the conditions were worse than when humans ruled.
“The animals were happy as they had never conceived it possible to be. Every mouthful of food was an acute positive pleasure, now that it was truly their own food, produced by themselves and for themselves, not doled out to them by a grudging master.” Chapter 3, pg. 24
After the humans were driven away from the farm, the pleasure of the animals was enormous. They actually delighted in working because they were no longer forced to work by the humans (but still by the pigs). Everything they produced and made was for themselves and they could enjoy their own fruits from their own labor.
“I will work harder!” Chapter 3, pg. 25
Boxer, a strong horse, never complained of the work given by the pigs because they were the ones who planned and made the takeover of Manor farm a success. He put all his life into working for the farm and always said and worked harder to make Animal Farm a paradise for all animals.
“Napoleon was a large, rather fierce-looking Berkshire boar, the only one of those on the farm. He was not much of a talker, but had a reputation for getting his own way” .. Snowball was a more vivacious pig than Napoleon, quicker in speech and more inventive but did not have the character depth that Napoleon did” Chapter 3, pg 25
These two pigs both have a lot of influence over the animals. Most of the time they share opposite opinions on matters and the one to get the last word in always gets the support of the animals. They represent who political parties who control the affairs and wealth of the farm.
“Four legs good. Two legs bad” Chapter 3, pg. 29
The sheep on the farm could do nothing useful so the pigs made them announcers and encouragers. None of the sheep could read, but all were taught the quote shown and would repeat it whenever animals were feeling depressed or questioned whether life without humans was smart.
“It was given out that the animals there practiced cannibalism, tortured one another with red-hot horseshoes, and had their females in common. This was what came of rebelling against the laws of Nature, Frederick and Pilkington said.”Ch.4 pg. 33
Other farms were still owned by humans and as animal farm grew to a success, the humans would say these things to discourage their own animals from rebelling and running the farm. The laws of Nature were implied that humans rule over animals and when animals succeeded in ruling over other animals, jealousy occurred.
“ “I have no wish to take life, not even human life,” repeated Boxer, and his eyes were full of tears.” Chapter 4, pg. 37
Even though the pigs stated that all humans were bad, Boxer the horse was grieved when one of the farmers got injured in a brawl. This shows the pigs really made all the decisions and that the animals did not always believe what the pigs wanted them to believe.
“Napoleon took no interest in Snowball’s committees. He said that the education of the young was more important than anything that could be done for those who were already grown up” Chapter 6, pg.41
Napoleon didn’t bother teaching the grown because they have seen what life was like with humans around. The children could be corrupted while they are growing and be made to do things Napoleon’s way because they could not have know what life under human control was like.
“Comrades! You do not imagine, I hope, that we pigs are doing this in selfishness and privilege? Milk and apples contain substances absolutely necessary to the well-being of a pig. We pigs are brain workers; the organization of the farm totally depends on us” Chapter 5, pg.42
The pigs excuse for taking the best of all the products and doing no manual labor is that they are the ones doing all the exhausting labor of thinking plans and organizing the farm activities. The pigs are allowed leisure time and milk to give them rest so that their minds can be clear to order everyone else around.
At the meetings, Snowball often won over the majority by his brilliant speeches, but Napoleon was better at canvassing support for himself in between times” Chapter 5. pg.43
Snowball was eloquent with word and persuasion of the senses. He actually had logical plans for Animal Farm. But Napoleon had the power to make change. He raised a pack of dogs to “convince” everyone to listen to him and eventually drove out snowball, who was actually kind and cared for the prosperity of the other animals.
“No one believes more firmly than Comrade Napoleon that all animals are equal. He would be only too happy to let you make your decisions for yourselves. But sometimes you might make the wrong decisions, comrades, and then where should we be?” Chapter 5, pp. 47-8
Napoleon is the boar and the one in charge of everything. When some animals were wondering why the pigs made all the decisions, Squealer, the little announcer pig, said the quote, which is absolutely contradictory. The pigs were actually respected as the smartest, so they took over the farm in place of humans.
“Napoleon is always right.” Chapter 5, pg. 48
This is one of the other few things Boxer said and this was good for the pigs because Boxer was respected as a superb animal and was respected by all the animals. His judgment was deemed sound by all and this led to the obedience of the animals.
“All that year the animals worked like slaves.” Chapter 6, pg. 51
This is interesting because the animals were supposed to be all equal. Equality automatically takes away the option of having slaves, so clearly there was something up with the society.
“But they were happy in their work; they grudged no effort or sacrifice, well aware that everything they did was for the benefit of themselves and those of their kind who would come after them, and not for a pack of idle, thieving human beings.” Chapter 6, pg. 51
The animals thought everything was better without the humans and that life is better than before because everything was for the welfare of animals. Even when they worked hard and had little to eat they were happy to be not ruled by men.
“Every day Snowball and Napoleon sent out flights of pigeons whose instructions were to mingle with the animals on neighboring farms, tell them the story of the Rebellion, and teach them the tune Beasts of England” Chapter 6, pg.54
The two pigs did agree that the story of Animal Farm should be known by all other animals. They wanted animals to be ruled by animals instead of by humans. The pigs would naturally take over the role of human, but the animals would be satisfied that they were at least equal to all other animals.
“The human beings did not hate Animal Farm any less now that it was prospering; indeed, they hated it more than ever.” Chapter 6, pg. 56
“They were always cold, and usually hungry as well.” Chapter 7, pp. 62-3
This is the state of the animals on Animal Farm. They were miserably overused by the pigs but they were too dumb to realize that they are being worked more than when men controlled the farm and now they are even more hungry than before.
“If a window was broken or a drain was blocked up, someone was certain to say that Snowball had come in the night and done it, and when the key of the store-shed was lost, the whole farm was convinced that Snowball had thrown it down the well.” Ch. 7, pg. 66
The animals were made to think Snowball, the pig who had plans opposite to Napoleon’s, was the one who caused all the trouble. After Napoleon drove him out with his trained dogs, all misfortunes were blamed on Snowball for conspiring with the humans against the farm.
“Curiously enough, they went on believing this even after the mislaid key was found under a sack of meal.” Ch. 7, pg. 66
“For we know now, it is all written down in the secret documents that we have found-that in reality he [Snowball] was trying to lure us to our doom” Chapter 7,pg.70
All the pigs claims were well backed up with evidence. But since the animals couldn’t read much more than a few letters, no one really knew whether the gathered “evidence” was any good or not.
“Now, when Squealer described the scene so graphically, it seemed to the animals that they did remember if. At any rate, they remembered that at the critical moment of the battle, Snowball had turned to flee” Chapter 7pg.71
Some animals later remembered Snowball was a brave and courageous pig during the rebellion against the humans and doubted that he was a traitor, but Squealer was able to convince everyone that Snowball was leading the valiant animals into the trap the humans set up that killed a couple of animals.
“The execution of the traitors this afternoon was the final act” Chapter 7 pg.72
The revolution ended with the removal of all of Snowball’s supporters and any animal who slacked off and did not do the work the pigs required. The brutal killings of the supposed traitors would prevent any future disobedience.
“If she herself had had any picture of the future, it had been of a society of animals set free from hunger and the whip, all equal, each working according to his capacity, the strong protecting the weak…” Chapter 7, pp. 73
Snowball had this vision that many of the elderly animals shared. They all thought life with no humans would be a paradise or even a utopia, but Napoleon used terror to control and take advantage of the animals.
“Instead – she did not know why – they had come to a time when no one dared speak his mind, when fierce, growling dogs roamed everywhere, and when you had to watch your comrades torn to pieces after confessing to shocking crimes.” Chapter 7, pp. 74
Clover, the other horse and the smartest of low animals, was shocked at how the overthrow of the humans turned out. Instead of all animals living in peace and happiness, she saw how much violence they experienced. The animals were as miserable as before, if not more so. The animals now all live in fear of Napoleon and his dogs.
“[S]ome of the animals remembered – or thought they remembered – that the Sixth Commandment decreed “No animal shall kill any other animal.” And though no one cared to mention it in the hearing of the pigs or the dogs, it was felt that the killings which had taken place did not square with this.” Chapter 8, pg. 76
After Napoleon ordered many “traitors” to be killed, some of the animals remembered the commandment saying no animals would be killed. But by the time they recollected the fact, the commandment was edited, so when the animals who can read tried to see what was going on, they saw “No animal shall kill any otheranimal without a cause.”
“It had become usual to give Napoleon the credit for every successful achievement and every stroke of good fortune.”Ch.8
Napoleon has so much power over the animals that their ways of thinking was altered. Even when they were working to death, they praised Napoleon’s good guidance and planning.
“You would often hear one hen remark to another, “Under the guidance of our Leader, Comrade Napoleon, I have laid five eggs in six days”; or two cows, enjoying a drink at the pool, would exclaim, “Thanks to the leadership of Comrade Napoleon, how excellent this water tastes!”“ Chapter 8, pg. 78
Everything that was good was attributed to Napoleon while everything bad was blamed on Snowflake, who was no longer at the farm. Unrelated things were attributed to Napoleon’s guidance and this shows how easily affected the animals were by the pigs’ propaganda.
“Somehow it seemed as though the farm had grown richer without making the animals themselves any richer-except, of course, the pigs and the dogs” Chapter 8,pg. 86
The monthly reports on the farm’s progress was really impressive, but somehow the animals did not feel any happier. They were always cold and hungry and dream they had in the past about a farm run by animals slowly faded away. It’s like they worked harder and harder, but happier to serve the pigs than the humans.
“Reading out the figures in a shrill, rapid voice, he proved to them in detail that they had more oats, more hay, more turnips than they had had in Jones’s day, that they worked shorter hours, that their drinking water was of better quality, that they lived longer, that a larger proportion of their young ones survived infancy, and that they had more straw in their stalls and suffered less from fleas.” Chapter 9, pg. 93
Squealer said all this to try to satisfy the animal’s wondering whether Animal farm was worth it. Even though few of the animals could even remember the conditions of when Jones was in control of the farm, but all were content with the hard work they did supposedly for themselves.
They knew that they were usually working when they were not asleep but doubtless it has been worse in the old days. They were glad to believe so.” Chapter 9,pg 94
The animals would not think that their lives under animal rule could ever be worse than the days under human rule. This never occurred to them that the pigs treated them worse than the humans and that the pigs are getting closer and closer to becoming humans-even worse than the humans have been.
“Besides, in those days they had been slaves and now they were free, and that made all the difference, as Squealer did not fail to point out.” Chapter 9, pg. 94
The animals believed every word Squealer spoke and listened eagerly to his logic on why Animal Farm is better than Manor Farm. All the hard work seems to have paid off, even though they worked harder than ever and ate less than before.
“Napoleon had denounced such ideas as contrary to the spirit of Animalism. The truest happiness, he said, lay in working hard and living frugally.” Chapter 10, pg. 107
Having rest, time off, and hot water and electric lighting was dreamed of before, but now Napoleon says they are not productive, so the animals must work and work their lives away while the pigs enjoy all the labor.
“Only old Benjamin professed to remember every detail of his long life and to know that things never had been, nor ever could be much better or much worse – hunger, hardship and disappointment being, so he said, the unalterable law of life.” Chapter 10, pg. 109
Even when the Animal Farm became super productive but super cruel did the animals work happily, but Benjamin the mule remembers the old times and knows there wasn’t much gained by the driving out of the humans, if any advantage at all.
“ALL ANIMALS ARE EQUAL, BUT SOME ARE MORE EQUAL THAN OTHERS” Chapter 10, pg. 112
This was the ultimate commandment that replaced the previous seven commandments. It in itself is completely contradictory. Equal animals can’t be greater than other equal things and nothing can be more equal to anything. The other animals were completely duped by the pigs and still are.
“The source of the trouble appeared to be that Napoleon and Mr. Pilkington had each placed an ace of spades simultaneously.” Chapter 10, pg116
The pigs have become like the humans. They both cheat and abuse the animals and sought to cheat each other. Just when they thought they would go into partnership, the human tried to take advantage of the pig. The pig thought he was above humans and tried to cheat humans. Both however, were the same filth and they did not realize.
“No question now, what had happened to the faces of the pigs. The creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from man to pig, and from pig to man again; but already it was impossible to say which was which.” Chapter 10, pg. 117
The pigs, who have joined the association with man, are so much like the men that the animals couldn’t tell one from the other. They talked the same, walked the same, and lived the same. The animals were pretty surprised when they realized that the pigs were the same as the humans-doing nothing while taking all the profits for themselves.