As portrayed in the short story The Time Machine by H.G. Wells, the future of humanity is corrupted by the wide and unjust division of the upper and lower classes of society.
John M. Richardson, Jr. once said, “When it comes to the future, there are three kinds of people: those who let it happen, those who make it happen, and those who wonder what happened” In the short story “The Time Machine” by H.G. Wells, we see what the future could be like if we as humans do not change our capitalistic way of life. Wells’ main character, the Time Traveler, discovers that humanity evolves differently physically, socially, and intellectually into the Eloi and the Morlock because of the wide and unjust division between the upper and lower classes of society.
The division between the upper and lower classes of society lead the Eloi and the Morlock to develop differently physically. This can be seen when the Time Traveler comments on the Eloi’s distinctive looks, “Their hair, which was uniformly curly, came to a sharp end at the neck and cheek…” (Wells 245). This observation shows that the Capitalists, or upper class, have evolved into curly haired humans. On the contrary, the Time Traveler describes the Morlocks, “…I saw a solitary white, ape-like creature running rather quickly…” (Wells 267). This description shows that the Labourers, or lower class, have evolved in to fast white apes far superior to the Eloi. The assumption can be made that due to the upper and lower class division, the Morlock have evolved into a separate species from the Eloi and dominate them. Thus, the separation of the classes changed the human species.
Socially, the Eloi and the Morlock develop differently due to the division between the upper and lower classes. This can be seen when the Time Traveler descirbes Weena, an Eloi, “[Weena] was exactly like a child.” (Wells 266). This observation shows how the Eloi do not understand basic human concepts above a child’s level of understanding. The Time Traveler then goes on to relate the social differences to the division of the classes, “…social difference between the Capitalist and the Labourer was the key to the whole position.” (Wells 272). This remark shows that the Time Traveler understands why and how the human race developed into two separate species. The Time Traveler was clearly a smart man.
The Eloi and the Morlock develop differently intellectually because of the upper and lower class division. This is seen when the Time Traveler remarks on Weena’s character, “But [Weena] dreaded the dark, dreaded shadows, dreaded black things.” (Wells 266). This comment shows that Weena, and all Elois, fear the dark, but do not have the intellect to understand why they fear it. What Wells is trying to say is that the Eloi are stupid, plain and simple. The Time Traveler goes on to comment on the Morlocks mating habits, “The male pursued the female, flinging flowers at her as she ran.” (Wells 271). This depiction of the Morlock shows that they are much smarter than the Elois because they know how to get a girl. Clearly, the Morlock are far superior in all aspects of superiority.
To conclude, through the characterization of the Elois and the Morlocks, one can assume that they have evolved differently physically, socially, and intellectually because of the division of the classes. Thankfully, this would never really happen in only eight hundred thousand years.